Physical Science

Physical Science Schedule

Week 1 Introduction to Physical Science

               Scientific Method, scientific notation, unit conversion

 Week 2 Newtons 1st , 2nd, 3rd Laws

Week 3 Newtons 1st , 2nd, 3rd Laws

Week 4 Newtons 1st , 2nd, 3rd Laws

Week 5 Mechanics

Week 6 Mechanics

Week 7 Mechanics

Week 8 Mechanics

Week 9 Work and Energy and Power

Week 10 Work and Energy and Power

Week 11 Work and Energy Power

Week 12 Work and Energy Power

Week 13 Electricity and Magnetism

Week 14 Electricity and Magnetism

Week 15 Electricity and Magnetism

Week 16 Electricity and Magnetism

_________________Semester 1 Finished Christmas Break_____________

Week 17 The Atom and Matter

Week 18 The Atom and Matter

Week 19 The Atom and Matter

Week 20 The Atom and Matter

Week 21The Atom and Matter

Week 22 Chemistry

Week 23 Chemistry

Week 24 Chemistry

Week 25 Chemistry

Week 26 Chemistry

Week 27 Chemistry

Week 28 Chemistry

Week 29 Chemistry

Week 30 Chemistry

Week 31 Chemistry

Week 32 Earth Science

Week 33 Earth Science

Week 34 Earth Science

Week 35 Earth Science

Week 36 Earth Science

Week 37 Earth Science

Week 38 Earth Science

Week 39 Astronomy

Week 40 Astronomy

Week 41_____________Finals Week__________________________

 

  1. Which step comes after “form a hypothesis”?
  2. Design an exiperiment
  3. Conclusion
  4. Data analysis
  5. Ask a question

 

  1. When two continental plates meet and form mountains this is called a,
    1. transform fault
    2. convergent boundary
    3. subduction zone
    4. Bradley’s backyard

 

  1. Electrical power is,
  2. The mass of an atom
  3. The rate of doing work
  4. The pressure of a current
  5. None of the above

 

  1. In a magnetic field iron filings will,
    1. Align to the magnetic field
    2. Align to the true North
    3. Align to magnetic north
    4. Align to Benicia High School

 

  1. Igneous rocks are formed by,
  2. High temperature, pressure, or both
  3. Cooling and crystallizing of magma
  4. Abondened decaying coral reefs
  5. Erosion

 

  1. The Galapgos volcanoes are located off the coast of,
  2. Australia
  3. South America
  4. South Africa
  5. Hawaii

 

 

  1. Which is a form of physical weathering?
  2. Acid rain burning away salts
  3. Sand and ocean waves
  4. Constant wind breaking away small particles
  5. Feral animals “marking” boulders

 

  1. A subatomic particle that has no charge is called:
  2. Electron
  3. Proton
  4. Neutron
  5. Ion

 

  1. According to the scientific method, after making a hypothesis, what should you do?
  2. Ask a  question
  3. Design an experiment
  4. Collect data
  5. Make an observation

 

  1. What is considered “neutral” on the pH scale?
  2. Neutron
  3. Water
  4. pH 7
  5. both b and c

 

  1.  What is the property of a mineral breaking along its plane of weakness called?

a.cleavage

b. luster

c. fracture

d. streak

 

  1. Distorted atoms are
    1. Negatively charged
    2. Electrically polarized
    3. Positively charged
    4. Electrically charged

 

  1. Magnetic fields cause forces to
    1. Attract and repel
    2. Only attract
    3. Only repel
    4. Neither attract nor repel

 

  1. How many steps are in the scientific method
    1. 6
    2. 7
    3. 8
    4. 9

 

  1. What poles do magnets have
    1. North, south
    2. East, west
    3. Up, down
    4. Side, side

 

  1. What word revolves around electricity
    1. Void
    2. Continental drift
    3. Mass
    4. Periodic table

 

  1. What is the 1st step in the scientific method
    1. Hypothesis
    2. Question
    3. Data collection
    4. Observation

 

  1. An educated guess is a
    1. Hypothesis
    2. Observation
    3. Theory
    4. Question

 

  1. Which is the heaviest?
    1. Electrons
    2. Neutrons
    3. Protons
    4. All the same

 

  1. Mass number of an atom is the total number of ….
    1. Electrons and protons
    2. Neutrons and electrons
    3. Protons and neutrons
    4. Electrons, protons, and neutrons

 

  1. Valence electrons are found on the…
    1. Outermost shell
    2. Innermost shell
    3. Any of the shells
    4. None of the above

 

  1. Which wire has more electrical resistance/
    1. Thicker wire
    2. Thin wire
    3. Barb wire
    4. Electrical fence wire
  2. What keeps the earth safe from the sun?
    1. Magnetic force
    2. Gravity
    3. It doesn’t want to hurt the earth
    4. Trees

 

  1. Earth will look like mars if…
    1. Magnetic force goes away
    2. Everyone dies
    3. Global warming
    4. All water dries up

 

  1. What comes after a hypothesis?
    1. Data collection                                                         
    2. Conclusion
    3. Question
    4. experiment               

 

  1. Which part of the atom has the most mass?
    1. Proton
    2. Valence electrons
    3. Neutron
    4. Nucleus
  2. What is a valence electron?
    1. Electrons in the outermost shell
    2. Electrons in the inner most shell
    3. An electron that has attached to a atom
    4. An electron in Mr. Bradley’s backyard

 

  1. An educated guess is a(n)
    1. Observation
    2. Theory
    3. Question
    4. Hypothesis

 

  1. Electrons are not created or destroyed, they are transferred from one material to another. The underlined statement is known as:
    1. Coulomb’s Law
    2. Ohm’s Law
    3. Conservation of Energy
    4. Conservation of Charge

 

  1. A radioactive element’s half life is:
    1. The time it takes before it transforms
    2. The time it takes for half of the element to react and change
    3. The time it takes before the element completely disappears
    4. The time it takes to double in mass                                 

31. According to the scientific method, after you make a hypothesis, what should you do?

                a. Design experiment

                b. Ask question

                c. Collect data

                d. Make observations

32. What wire would have more resistance to electricity?

                a. Thin wire

                b. Thick wire

                c. Both have the same

                d. They don’t have resistances

 

 

33. When atoms freeze and condense they…

                a. Absorb energy

                b. Give off energy

                c. Get warmer

                d. Cool down

                e. Two of the above

                f. None of the above

 

34. Which is a nonmetal?

                a. Phosphorus

                b. Magnesium

                c. Silicon

                d. Mercury

35. Plate tectonics are due to…

                a. Wind and the rotation of the Earth

                b. Earthquakes

                c. Moving molten rock

                d. The moon’s gravitational pull

 

36. Which part of an atom is positively charged?

a. proton

b. neutron

c. electron

d. coral reef

 

37.What is a ring of fire?

a. line of volcanoes

b. oceans

c. fire rings

d. reefs

 

 

 

38.  90% of the earth’s crust is made up of what?

a. iron

b. aluminum

c. silicates

d. potassium

 

39. An attraction between two atoms that holds them together in a molecule is:

a. chemical change

b. physical change

c. chemical bond

d. physical bond

 

40.  What has to happen to form a magnet?

a. the domains need to become aligned

b. an iron prism must be heated

c. an iron prism is scratched by a nail

d. a stick is lit on fire and put under metal

 

41.  What is the period of the periodic table?

a. the horizontal numbers along the side

b. the vertical numbers going down

c. the number of elements

d. all of the above

 

42. Name the state of matter describing a change from solid to a gas

a. solid

b. liquid

c. gas

d. sublimation

 

43.  What is a valence electron?

a. electrons in the outer most shell

b. electrons in the inner most shell

c. when protons and neutrons combine

d. protons combine with electrons

 

44.  Which is not a volcano type?

a. shield

b. dome

c. ball

d. cone

 

 

 

 

 

45.  The number of an isotope is dictated by:

a. protons

b. neutrons

c. electrons

d. neucleons

 

46. What two elements form NaCl?

a. sodium+chloride

b. salt+chlorine

c. salt+chloride

d. sodium+chlorine

 

47.  The mantle in the earth’s crust flows in what kind of current?

a. radiation

b. convection

c. ocean currents

d. rising currents

 

48.  Acids are where on the PH scale?

a. 7

b. 8-14

c. 2-8

d. 1-6

 

49.  The ring of fire outlines what plate?

a. Pacific

b. Indoaustralian

c. Eurasian

d. Antarctic

 

50.  The rate of electrical flow is measured in:

                a. Power

                b. Voltage

                c. Amperes

                d. Joules

 

51)  Contact metamorphic rocks are typically not foliated because 

A) the parent rock does not contain the correct type of minerals to produce foliation.

B) contact metamorphism does not produce minerals, such as the micas, which are needed for foliation to occur. 

C) contact metamorphism occurs from heat and not from deformation due to stress.

 

 

52)  Igneous rocks are formed by the

A) cooling and crystallization of molten magma.

B) melting and transformation of minerals in the Earth’s interior.

C) partial crystallization of granitic magma.

D) cooling and crystallization of molten lava in the Earth’s interior.

 

 

53)  The silicon content of magma greatly affects its viscosity. Magma with a high silicon content has a

A) low viscosity and flows quickly.

B) high viscosity and flows quickly.

C) high viscosity and flows slowly.

 

 

54)  Regional metamorphic rocks are distinguished from igneous rocks because 

A) regionally metamorphosed rocks are foliated and igneous rocks are not.

B) metamorphic rocks often have a “baked zone” and igneous rocks do not.

C) they are finer grained.

D) igneous rocks have interlocking grains and metamorphic rocks do not.

 

 

55)  A nonfoliated metamorphic rock is 

A) slate. B)  gneiss. C)  schist. D)  quartzite.

 

 

56)  The characteristic that distinguishes schist from slate is that schist 

A) is not foliated and slate is foliated. 

B) is fine-grained and slate is coarse-grained.

C) is foliated and slate is not.

D) is coarse-grained and slate is fine-grained.

 

 

57)  The most common extrusive rocks are generated from

A) granitic magma. B)  basaltic magma.

C) andesitic magma. D)  none of the above.

 

 

58)  Plutons form from magma

A) at the Earth’s surface. B)  ejected from volcanoes.

C) below the Earth’s surface. D)  all of these.

 

 

59)  Fresh water leaves the ocean by

A) evaporation and formation of ice. 

B) evaporation and seawater freezing.

C) precipitation, evaporation, and runoff.

D) evaporation, sublimation, seawater freezing.

 

 

60)  In the open ocean, surface currents are most affected by

A) winds, the Coriolis effect, the pressure-gradient force, and land boundary conditions.

B) both winds and the Coriolis effect.

C) frictional force (winds), the Coriolis effect, and the pressure-gradient force. 

D) winds and gyres.

 

 

61)  If the composition of the atmosphere changed so that less terrestrial radiation was allowed to escape, the Earth would experience

A) greater atmospheric pressure and higher temperatures.

B) no change in pressure or temperature.

C) lower average temperatures.

D) higher average temperatures.

 

 

62)  Air that flows southward from the horse latitudes in the Northern Hemisphere produces the

A) Kuroshio current.  B)  Gulf Stream.

C) westerlies.  D)  trade winds.

 

 

63)  Deep ocean currents flow in a circulation pattern that is 

 

A) north to south. B)  west to east.

C) south to north.  D)  east to west.

 

 

64)  The two most abundant elements that make up the salinity of seawater are 

 

A) chlorine and sulfur. B)  chlorine and sodium.

C) calcium and sulfur. D)  sodium and potassium.

 

 

65)  The temperature in the thermosphere reaches a whooping 2000degreeC. This extreme temperature has very little significance because

 

A) there are not enough air molecules and atoms colliding with one another to generate heat energy.

B) the thermosphere is very far from the Earth’s surface.

C) few atoms and air molecules in this region move slowly enough to absorb much solar radiation.

D) there is very little ozone in the air to absorb the solar radiation.

 

 

66)  Changing the magnetic field intensity in a closed loop of wires induces

 

A) current. B)  voltage.

C) both of these. D)  neither of these.

 

 

67)  Several paper clips dangle from the north pole of a magnet.  The induced pole in the bottom of the lowermost paper clip is a

 

A) north pole.

B) north or south pole–no difference really.

C) south pole.

 

 

68)  Magnetic domains normally occur in

 

A) copper.

B) iron.

C) silver.

D) all of these.

E) none of these.

 

 

69)  The source of all magnetism is

 

A) tiny domains of aligned atoms. B)  moving electric charge.

C) tiny pieces of iron. D)  none of these.

 

 

70)  An electric motor and electric generator are

 

A) entirely different devices. B)  very similar devices.

 

 

71)  Brownian motion has to do with the

 

A) random motions of atoms and molecules.

B) first direct measurement of atomic motion.

C) size of atoms.

D) rhythmic movements of Brownians.

E) atomic vibrations.

 

 

72)  Which of these forces determines the chemical properties of an atom?

 

A) electrical force.

B) nuclear force.

C) gravitational force.

D) friction force.

E) none of these.

 

 

73)  Which type of solid would have the greatest tendency to shatter upon impact with a hammer?

A) a nonmetal B)  a metal

C) a metalloid D)  an inner transition element

 

 

74)  Assuming all the atoms exhaled by Julius Caesar in his last dying breath are still in the atmosphere, then we probably breathe one of those atoms with each

 

A) month.

B) day.

C) single breath.

D) 10 years.

E) it depends, some people still breathe a few of Caesar’s atoms every day, while others wouldn’t breathe one for an entire year.

 

 

75)  If a pair of helium nuclei are fused together, the result is

 

A) lithium.

B) beryllium.

C) heavy helium.

D) all of these.

E) none of these.

 

 

76)  The purpose of coefficients in chemical equations is to make

 

A) the equation balance by splitting the chemical formula.

B) all the subscripts within the chemical formula equal.

C) the number of molecules of reactants and products equal.

D) the number of times each element appears as a reactant and as a product the same.

 

 

77)  A sample of helium atoms and a separate sample of neon atoms at the same temperature have the same average kinetic energy. This is not to say, however, that these atoms are moving with same average velocity because their masses must also be considered. Recall from physics that kinetic energy equals 1/2 the mass times the velocity squared (KE = 1/2 mv2). Assuming equal temperatures, quicker moving atoms, therefore, are found in a balloon filled with

A) helium.

B) either neon or helium. It is not predictable.

C) neon.

 

 

78)  Different minerals composed of the same elements but with different crystal structures are called

A) orthorhombic. B)  polymers.

C) polygonal. D)  polymorphs.

 

 

 

80)  The basic building block of all silicate minerals is the

A) crystalline silicate sulfur. B)  silicate tetrahedron.

C) silicate triangular structure. D)  silicate cleavage direction.

 

 

81)  As rock is weathered it breaks down and erodes. Sedimentation begins where erosion stops. Erosion is

A) decomposition and alteration of rock material.

B) a chemical process.

C) transportation of rock particles via water wind or ice.

D) disintegration and fragmentation of rock into smaller pieces.

 

 

82)  The majority of surface rocks are 

A) intrusive. B)  sedimentary.

C) extrusive. D)  metamorphic.

 

 

83)  Rocks are grouped into three classes depending on how the rock was 

A) discovered. B)  located. C)  shaped. D)  formed.

 

 

84)  The ozone layer is a region within the

A) mesosphere. B)  troposphere.

C) stratosphere. D)  ionosphere.

 

 

87)  As a scuba diver descends into the open ocean, pressure 

A) and temperatures increase.

B) decreases and temperatures increase.

C) and temperatures decrease.

D) increases and temperatures decrease.

 

 

88)  When a magnet is thrust into a coil of wire, the coil tends to

A) attract the magnet as it enters. B)  repel the magnet as it enters.

C) both of these. D)  neither of these.

 

 

89)  When there is a change in the magnetic field in a closed loop of wire,

A) electromagnetic induction occurs.

B) current is made to flow in the loop of wire.

C) a voltage is induced in the wire.

D) all of these.

E) none of these.

 

 

90)  Solid matter is mostly empty space.  The reason solids don’t fall through one another is because A) of nuclear forces.

B) of electrical forces.

C) atoms are constantly vibrating, even at absolute zero.

D) of gravitational forces.

E) none of these.

 

 

91)  When two different elements combine to form a compound, the resulting properties of the compound are

A) most like the element given in the greatest amount.

B) about the average of the properties of the two elements.

C) predictable based upon the nature of the combining elements.

D) not necessarily anything like those of the elements.

 

 

92)  Cleavage is the tendency of a mineral to break along planes of weakness. The planes of weakness are a function of crystal structure and

A) symmetry. B)  hardness.

C) chemical bond. D)  crystal size.

 

 

93)  Limestone may be metamorphosed into 

A) quartzite. B)  gneiss. C)  schist. D)  marble.

 

 

94)  The Sahara in northern Africa is an example of a

A) rain shadow desert on the downslope of a large mountain range.

B) horse latitude desert formed by the Earth’s tradewinds.

C) subtropical desert formed when tropical areas are overwhelmed by sand.

D) cold ocean current desert formed by local winds coming off cool ocean areas.

 

 

95)  A device that transforms electrical energy to mechanical energy is a

A) transformer.

B) motor.

C) magnet.

D) generator.

E) none of these.

 

 

 

 

 

96)  An atom has

A) structure.

B) energy.

C) mass.

D) all of these.

E) none of these.

 

 

97)  How is a physical change different from a chemical change?

A) The chemical identity of a substance is not altered during a physical change.

B) A physical change involves changes in chemical properties.

C) The chemical identity of a substance is altered during a physical change.

D) The physical properties of a substance are not altered during a chemical change.

 

 

98)  Some __________ rock is formed from minerals that were once dissolved in water.

A) metamorphic B)  sedimentary

C) igneous and metamorphic D)  igneous

 

99)  Of the following rocks, the one that does not originate in sediments laid down by water, wind, or ice is 

A) sandstone. B)  conglomerate.

C) shale. D)  marble.

 

 

100)  The greenhouse effect gets its name from the florist’s greenhouse, where glass prevents reradiated solar energy from escaping.  Glass is transparent to visible waves, and opaque to ultraviolet and infrared. Glass acts as a sort of one-way valve, allowing

A) ultraviolet light to enter, and preventing longer waves from leaving.

B) infrared light to enter, and preventing short waves from leaving.

C) infrared light to enter, and preventing visible light from leaving.

D) visible light to enter, and preventing longer waves from leaving.

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